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Legume (Fabaceae) Fruits and Seeds
This is an identification key to genera for seeds and fruits of the legume family. The coverage is world wide, and for each genus there are descriptions of the seeds and fruits, distribution data, and images. The interactive software system INTKEY is used for accessing the data and images. The key can be used for identifying to genus unknown legume samples or for querying the data and images for legume genera, and is designed for seed analysts, technicians, port inspectors, weed scientists, ecologists, botanists, and researchers who need to identify isolated legume fruits and seeds. Quick links for advanced users:
bullet Use Internet Identification System
bullet Download INTKEY installation file
bullet Download database and images (zip file)
bullet View tutorial

A series of printed publications (Gunn, 1981a, 1981b, 1983, 1984, 1991; Kirkbride et al., 2004) have culminated in this electronic publication which contains the following:


The data can be used in two ways: over the Internet or locally on your PC.

1. Internet. After utilizing the data, you may save it to your hard disk.

Use the Internet Identification System

To use the Internet Identification System, you must be using a PC running Windows 95/NT or later, and have installed the program INTKEY.

Download the latest INTKEY installation file

The INTKEY installation file download will create the executable file, "intk32.exe", on your hard drive and will occupy 2.09 MB of storage space. Save the file in any folder, and run it to install INTKEY. The "intk32.exe" file may then be deleted from your hard drive.


2. Local. The data, images, and descriptions can be downloaded together as a 114.6 MB self-extracting zip file, Fabaceae.exe.

Download Zip File

After the file is on your hard disk, execute the file to decompress the database and images. To access the data, images, and descriptions, start the INTKEY software program of CSIRO. In the first window, 'Select data set', browse to the directory in which the data is stored, pick the file 'intkey.ink', and 'Open' the data set.


Tutorial

A short tutorial provides the following information:


References

Dallwitz, M.J. 1980. A general system for coding taxonomic descriptions. Taxon 29:41-46.

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 1992 onwards. The DELTA System. URL: http://delta-intkey.com/

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 1999a. User's Guide to the DELTA System: A General System for Processing Taxonomic Descriptions, ed. 4.10. CSIRO Division of Entomology. Canberra, Australia. URL: http://delta-intkey.com/www/programs.htm

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J. 1999b. User's Guide to INTKEY: A Program for Interactive Identification and Information Retrieval, ed. 1.07. CSIRO Division of Entomology. Canberra, Australia. URL: http://delta-intkey.com/www/programs.htm

Gunn, C.R. 1981a. Seed topography in the Fabaceae. Seed Sci. Techn. 9:737-757.

Gunn, C.R. 1981b. Seeds of Leguminosae. In R.M. Polhill, and P.H. Raven, eds., Advances in Legume Systematics, v. 2, pt. 2, pp. 913-925. Int. Legume Conf., Proc. 1978, Kew, England. Minis. Agric., Fisheries and Food. Richmond, England.

Gunn, C.R. 1983. A nomenclator of legume (Fabaceae) genera. U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 1680, 224 pp. Washington, DC.

Gunn, C.R. 1984. Fruits and seeds of genera in the subfamily Mimosoideae (Fabaceae). U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 1681, 194 pp. Washington, DC.

Gunn, C.R. 1991. Fruits and seeds of genera in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae (Fabaceae). U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 1755, 408 pp. Washington, DC.

Gunn, C.R., Wiersema, J.H., Kirkbride, J.H. Jr., and Ritchie, C.A. 1992. Families and genera of spermatophytes recognized by the Agricultural Research Service. U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. 1796, 500 pp. Washington, DC.

Kirkbride, J.H., Jr., Gunn, C.R., and Weitzman, A.L. 2004. Fruits and seeds of genera in the subfamily Faboideae (Fabaceae). U.S.D.A. Tech. Bull. [in press]. Washington, DC.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. The Plant-Book, ed. 2. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, England.

Polhill, R.M. 1994a. Classification of the Leguminosae. pp. xxxv-xlviii. In F.A. Bisby, J. Buckingham, and J.B. Harborne, eds., Phytochemical Dictionary of the Leguminosae. Chapman & Hall. London, England.

Polhill, R.M. 1994b. Complete synopsis of legume genera. pp. xlix-lvii. In F.A. Bisby, J. Buckingham, and J.B. Harborne, eds., Phytochemical Dictionary of the Leguminosae. Chapman & Hall. London, England.

Polhill, R.M., and Raven, P.H., eds. 1981. Advances in Legume Systematics, v. 1, pt. 1, pp. 1-425. Int. Legume Conf., Proc. 1978, Kew, England. Minis. Agric., Fisheries and Food. Richmond, England.

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Questions about web site: Joseph.Kirkbride@ars.usda.gov
Page last updated 1 March 2012


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