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This data has been extracted from databases maintained by the
U.S. National Fungus Collections.
Synonyms listed in the nomenclature report are used in the searches.

This report contains data from the following databases: Nomenclature, Specimens, Fungus-Host, Literature

Nov 17, 2018

Nomenclature data for Didymella rabiei

Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Labr. 1931 (Ascomycetes, Incertae sedis)

≡ Zythia rabiei Pass. 1867

≡Phoma rabiei (Pass.) Khune ex Gruyter 2002

≡Phyllosticta rabiei (Pass.) Trotter 1918

= Phyllosticta cicerina Prill. & Delacr. 1893

= Mycosphaerella rabiei Kovatsch. ex Gruyter 2002

  Didymella rabiei (Kovatsch.) Arx 1962

Notes: From Zythia rabiei - From Phoma rabiei - Invalid name, no reference to basionym. Not (Pass.) Khune ex Gruyter 2002. From Phoma rabiei - Invalid name, no page # reference to basionym. Not (Pass.) Khune ex Gruyter 2002. From Phoma rabiei - Not (Pass.) Khune 1979, invalid, nor (Pass.) Khune & J.N. Kapoor 1980, invalid. From Mycosphaerella rabiei - Gruyter (2002) validated this name. From Mycosphaerella rabiei - Nom. inval. via no Latin. From Didymella rabiei - Nom. inval. since based on an invalid name.

Distribution: Worldwide in chick-pea growing regions.

Substrate: Living leaves, stems; seed-borne.

Disease Note: Anthracnose, chickpea blight, or 'Ascochyta' blight.

Host: Chickpea, Cicer arietinum (Fabaceae).

Supporting Literature:

Aveskamp, M. , de Gruyter, H., Woudenberg, J. , Verkley, G., and Crous, P.W. 2010. Highlights of the Didymellaceae: A polyphasic approach to characterise Phoma and related pleosporalean genera. Stud. Mycol. 65: 1-64.

Bahr, L., Castelli, M.V., Barolo, M.I., Ruiz Mostacero, N., Tosello, M.E., and Lopez, S.N. 2016. Ascochyta blight: isolation, characterization, and development of a rapid method to detect inhibitors of the chickpea fungal pathogen Ascochyta rabiei. Fung. Biol. 120: 424-432.

Boerema, G.H., De Gruyter, J., Noordeloos, M.E., and Hamers, M.E.C. 2004. Phoma identification manual: differentiation of specific and infra-specific taxa in culture. CABI Publishing, 470 pages.

Chen, Q. , Jiang, J.R., Zhang, G.Z., Cai, L., and Crous, P.W. 2015. Resolving the Phoma enigma. Stud. Mycol. 82: 137-217.

Chen, X., Ge, J., Ma, D., Ma, L., Liu, W., and Qiang, S. 2017. Characterization and identification of an epidemic strain of Ascochyta rabiei on chickpeas in Northwest China. J. Phytopathol. 165(6): 355-360.

De Gruyter, J. 2002. Contributions towards a monograph of Phoma (Coelomycetes) - IX. Persoonia 18: 85-102.

Sun, S.-L., Zhu, Z.-D., and Xu, D.-X. 2016. Occurence of Ascochyta blight caused by Ascochyta rabiei on chickpea in North China. Pl. Dis. 100(7): 1494-1495.

Trapero-Casas, A., and Kaiser, W.J. 1992. Development of Didymella rabiei, the teleomorph of Ascochyta rabiei, on chickpea straw. Phytopathology 82: 1261-1266.

Updated on May 17, 2017

The Fungus-Host Distributions database has 115 records for Didymella rabiei.

Ascochyta rabiei:

Cicer arietinum (Blight.): Argentina - 45975, 49739,Australia - 6801, 43127, 44767,Bolivia - 34102, 44767,Brazil - 34636,Bulgaria - 37559, 43803, 50434, 51334, 51571,California - 29553,Canada - 8376, 13027,Canada, Ontario - 16360,Canada, Saskatchewan - 34350,Chile - 38720,China - 49663, 50873,Cyprus - 8322,Denmark - 13027,Ethiopia - 44767,Greece - 37190,Idaho - 2166, 26438, 44767,India - 6558, 6689, 13027, 43727, 44903, 50434, 51334, 51571,Iran - 13027, 43443, 44767,Israel - 13027,Nebraska - 45850,Pakistan - 6689, 13027, 42528,Russia - 13027,South Dakota - 45850,Syria - 13027, 44767,Tanzania - 41818,Turkey - 13027, 32075,United States - 32306,USSR - 13027,Washington - 26438,

Cicer montbretii Bulgaria - 32976,

Cicer montbretti Bulgaria - 44767,

Cicer pinnatifidum Turkey - 41517,

Cicer sp. Australia - 38245,

Pisum sativum Washington - 44767,

Trifolium alexandrinum Italy - 27039,

Vicia faba Lebanon - 44767,

Didymella rabiei:

Cicer arietinum: Australia - 6801, 44767,Bolivia - 44767,Bulgaria - 7505,Cyprus - 7505,Ethiopia - 44767,France - 7505,Greece - 7505, 8187,Idaho - 44767,India - 7505, 44272, 50424,Iran - 43443, 44767,Italy - 7505,Italy, Sicily - 45968,Morocco - 7505,Pakistan - 6127, 6232, 7505, 42528,Portugal - 7505,Romania - 7505,Spain - 7505, 33330,Syria - 43127, 44272, 44767, 45229, 49856,Tanzania - 7505,Turkey - 7505,USSR - 7505,Yugoslavia - 7505,

Cicer montbretti Bulgaria - 44767,

Pisum sativum Washington - 44767,

Vicia faba Lebanon - 44767,

Mycosphaerella rabiei:

Cicer arietinum: Bulgaria - 43803,Idaho - 3414,India - 44903,

Phoma rabiei:

Cicer arietinum: India - 6558, 44903,Poland - 44009,Syria - 37318,Unknown - 39176,

Phyllosticta cicerina:

Cicer arietinum: Greece - 8187,Italy, Sicily - 45968,

Phyllosticta rabiei:

Cicer arietinum: India - 6558, 44903,Mexico - 7848,

Zythia rabiei:

: Romania - card, card,Spain - card,

The Literature database has 78 records for Didymella rabiei.

2009. Taxonomical re-evaluation of Phoma-like soybean pathogenic fungi. Mycol. Res. 113: 249-260. (43127)

Ahmad, S. 1969. Fungi of West Pakistan. Biological Society of Pakistan Monograph. 5 (Sup.1): 1-110. (6232)

Ahmad, S. 1978. Ascomycetes of Pakistan Part II. Biological Society of Pakistan Monograph. 8: 1-144. (6127)

Ahmad, S., Iqbal, S.H., and Khalid, A.N. 1997. Fungi of Pakistan. Sultan Ahmad Mycological Society of Pakistan, 248 pages. (42528)

Alvarez, M.G. 1976. Primer catalogo de enfermedades de plantas Mexicanas. Fitofilo 71: 1-169. (7848)

Aveskamp, M. , de Gruyter, H., Woudenberg, J. , Verkley, G., and Crous, P.W. 2010. Highlights of the Didymellaceae: A polyphasic approach to characterise Phoma and related pleosporalean genera. Stud. Mycol. 65: 1-64. (44272)

Bahr, L., Castelli, M.V., Barolo, M.I., Ruiz Mostacero, N., Tosello, M.E., and Lopez, S.N. 2016. Ascochyta blight: isolation, characterization, and development of a rapid method to detect inhibitors of the chickpea fungal pathogen Ascochyta rabiei. Fung. Biol. 120: 424-432. (49739)

Bobev, S. 2009. [Reference guide for the diseases of cultivated plants] (Translated from Russian). Makros Publ., 466 pages. (43803)

Boerema, G.H., De Gruyter, J., Noordeloos, M.E., and Hamers, M.E.C. 2004. Phoma identification manual: differentiation of specific and infra-specific taxa in culture. CABI Publishing, 470 pages. (39176)

Buchwaldt, L., and Gossen, B.D. 2000. Pulse crop diseases web site. Canad. J. Pl. Pathol. 22: 182. (34580)

Can, C., Ozkilinc, H., Kahraman, A., and Ozkan, H. 2007. First Report of Ascochyta rabiei Causing Ascochyta Blight of Cicer pinnatifidum. Pl. Dis. 91: 908. (41517)

Chen, Q. , Hou, L.W., Duan, W.J., Crous, P.W., and Cai, L. 2017. Didymellaceae revisited. Stud. Mycol. 87: 105-159. (51334)

Chen, Q. , Jiang, J.R., Zhang, G.Z., Cai, L., and Crous, P.W. 2015. Resolving the Phoma enigma. Stud. Mycol. 82: 137-217. (50434)

Chen, Q. , Zhang, K. , Zhang, G., and Cai, L. 2015. A polyphasic approach to characterise two novel species of Phoma (Didymellaceae) from China. Phytotaxa 197(4): 267-281. (50424)

Chen, X., Ge, J., Ma, D., Ma, L., Liu, W., and Qiang, S. 2017. Characterization and identification of an epidemic strain of Ascochyta rabiei on chickpeas in Northwest China. J. Phytopathol. 165(6): 355-360. (50873)

Chilvers, M.I., Rogers, J.D., Dugan, F.M., Stewart, J.E., Chen, W., and Peever, T.L. 2009. Didymella pisi sp. nov., the teleomorph of Ascochyta pisi. Mycol. Res. 113: 391-400. (43443)

Chongo, G., Gossen, B.D., Buchwaldt, L., Adhikari, T.B., and Rimmer, S.R. 2004. Genetic diversity of Ascochyta rabiei in Canada. Pl. Dis. 88: 4-10. (38707)

Cook, R.P., and Dubé, A.J. 1989. Host-pathogen index of plant diseases in South Australia. South Australian Department of Agriculture, 1-142 pages. (6801)

Corbaz, R. 1957. Recherches sur le genre Didymella Sacc. Phytopathol. Z. 28: 375-414. (20467)

Cunnington, J. 2003. Pathogenic fungi on introduced plants in Victoria. A host list and literature guide for their identification. Department of Primary Industries, Research Victoria : 57. (38245)

De Gruyter, J. 2002. Contributions towards a monograph of Phoma (Coelomycetes) - IX. Persoonia 18: 85-102. (37318)

Delgado, A., Goswami, R.S., Harveson, R.M., Urrea, C.A., Beran, D., and Markell, S.G. 2012. First Report of Ascochyta Blight Caused by QoI-Resistant Isolates of Ascochyta rabiei in Chickpea Fields of Nebraska and South Dakota. Pl. Dis. 96: 1073. (45850)

Derie, M.L., Bowden, R.L., and Kephart, K.D. 1985. Ascochyta rabiei on chickpeas in Idaho. Pl. Dis. 69: 268. (2166)

Diekmann, M. 1992. Use of climatic parameters to predict the global distribution of Ascochyta blight on chickpea. Pl. Dis. 76: 409-412. (6689)

Dolar, F.S., Tenuta, A., and Higgins, V.J. 1994. Detached leaf assay for screening chickpea for resistance to ascochyta blight. Canad. J. Pl. Pathol. 16: 215-220. (29469)

Elbiari, A., Corbiere, R., Bertrandy, J., and Spire, D. 1993. Potentiel du test ELISA pour le diagnostic de Didymella rabiei (forme imparfaite: Ascochyta rabiei), agent responsable de l'anthracnosedu pois chiche. Unknown journal or publisher : --. (28629)

Galdames, R., and Mera, M. 2003. First report of ascochyta blight of chickpea caused by Ascochyta rabiei in Chile. Pl. Dis. 87: 603. (38720)

Gaur, R.B., and Singh, R.D. 1993. Epidemiology of chickpea Ascochyta blight. Indian J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 23: 135-140. (28484)

Geistlinger, J., Weising, K., Winter, P., and Kahl, G. 2000. Locus-specific microsatellite markers for the fungal chickpea pathogen Didymella rabiei (anamorph) Ascochyta rabiei. Molec. Ecol. 9: 1939-1941. (36804)

Georghiou, G.P., and Papadopoulos, C. 1957. A second list of Cyprus fungi. Government of Cyprus, Department of Agriculture, 38 pages. (8322)

Ginns, J.H. 1986. Compendium of plant disease and decay fungi in Canada 1960-1980. Res. Br. Can. Agric. Publ. 1813: 416. (8376)

Greuter, W., Poelt, J., and Raimondo, F.M. 1991. A checklist of Sicillian fungi. Bocconea 2: 222. (45968)

Guzman, P., Davis, R.M., Gilbertson, R.L., Smith, S.M., and Temple, S. 1995. First report of Ascochyta rabiei causing ascochyta blight of garbanzo in California. Pl. Dis. 79: 82. (29553)

Haware, M.P., and Nene, Y.L. 1981. Phoma blight - a new disease of chickpea. Pl. Dis. 65: 282. (16359)

Hilton, S., Ed. 2000. Canadian Plant Disease Survey. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada 80: 151. (34350)

Holevas, C.D., Chitzanidis, A., Pappas, A.C., and et al. 2000. Disease agents of cultivated plants observed in Greece from 1981 to 1990. Benaki Phytopathol. Inst., Kiphissia, Athens. 19: 1-96. (37190)

Hussain, S., and Barz, W. 1997. Isozyme polymoprhism in Ascochyta rabiei isolates from Pakistan. Pakistan J. Bot. 29: 207-216. (34551)

Imtiaz, M., Abang, M.M., Malhotra, R.S., Ahmed, S., Bayaa, B., Udupa, S.M., and Baum, M. 2011. Pathotype IV, a new and highly virulent pathotype of Didymella rabiei, causing Ascochyta blight in chickpea in Syria. Pl. Dis. 95: 1192. (45229)

Infantino, A., Bragaloni, M., Rea, E., and Porta-Puglia, A. 1997. Characterisation of Didymella rabiei by analysis of enzymes and proteins. Micol. Ital. 26: 73-77. (33266)

Jan, H., and Wiese, M.V. 1991. Virulence forms of Ascochyta rabiei affecting chickpea in the Palouse. Pl. Dis. 75: 904-906. (26438)

Kaiser, W.J. 1972. Occurrence of three fungal diseases of chickpea in Iran. F.A.O. Pl. Protect. Bull. 20: 73-78. (16356)

Kaiser, W.J., Coca W., F., and Vega O., S. 2000. First report of Ascochyta blight of chickpea in Latin America. Pl. Dis. 84: 102. (34102)

Kaiser, W.J., and Hannan, R.M. 1987. First report of Mycosphaerella rabiei on chickpeas in the Western hemisphere. Pl. Dis. 71: 192. (3414)

Kaiser, W.J., Hannan, R.M., Muehlbauer, F.J., and Mihov, M. 1998. First report of Ascochyta blight of Cicer montbretii, a wild perennial chickpea in Bulgaria. Pl. Dis. 82: 830. (32976)

Kaiser, W.J., and Kusmenoglu, I. 1997. Distribution of mating types and the teleomorph of Aschochyta rabiei on chickpea in Turkey. Pl. Dis. 81: 1284-1287. (32075)

Kaiser, W.J., Wang, B.-C., and Rogers, J.D. 1997. Ascochyta fabae and A. lentis: host specificity, teleomorphs (Didymella), hybrid analysis, and taxonomic status. Pl. Dis. 81: 809-816. (32306)

Kovics, G., Holly, L., and Simay, E.I. 1986. An ascochytosis of the chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) caused by Didymella rabiei (Kov.) v. Arx: imperfect Ascochyta rabiei (Pass.) Lab.in Hungary. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 21: 147-150. (19978)

Maden, S., Mathur, S.B., and Neergaard, P. 1975. Detection and location of seed-borne inoculum of Ascochyta rubiei and its transmission in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Seed Sci. Techn. 3: 667-681. (16370)

Mathur, R.S. 1979. The Coelomycetes of India. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Delhi, India., 460 pages. (6558)

Mendes, M.A.S., da Silva, V.L., Dianese, J.C., and et al. 1998. Fungos em Plants no Brasil. Embrapa-SPI/Embrapa-Cenargen, Brasilia, 555 pages. (34636)

Montorsi, F., Di Giambattista, G., and Porta-Puglia, A. 1992. First report of Ascochyta rabiei on berseem clover seeds. Pl. Dis. 76: 538. (27039)

Mulenko, W., Majewski, T., and Ruszkiewicz-Michalska, M. 2008. A Preliminary Checklist of Micromycetes in Poland. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences 9: 752. (44009)

Navas-Cortés, J.A., Perez-Artes, E., Jimenez-Diaz, R.M., Llobell, A., Bainbridge, B.W., and Heale, J.B. 1998. Mating type, pathotype and RAPDs analysis in Didymella rabiei, the agent of Ascochyta blight of chickpea. Phytoparasitica 26: 199-212. (34529)

Navas-Cortés, J.A., Trapero-Casas, A., and Jimenez-Diaz, R.M. 1998. Phenology of Didymella rabiei development on chickpea debris under field conditions in Spain. Phytopathology 88: 983-991. (33330)

Pande, A., and Rao, V.G. 1998. A Compendium Fungi on Legumes from India. Scientific Publishers (India), Jodhpur, 188 pages. (44903)

Pantidou, M.E. 1973. Fungus-host index for Greece. Benaki Phytopathol. Inst., Kiphissia, Athens., 382 pages. (8187)

Pearce, T.L., Scott, J.B., Crous, P.W., Pethybridge, S.J., and Hay, F.S. 2016. Tan spot of pyrethrum is caused by a Didymella species complex. Pl. Pathol. 65: 1170-1184. (49856)

Peever, T.L., Barve, M.P., Stone, L.J., and Kaiser, W.J. 2007. Evolutionary relationships among Ascochyta species infecting wild and cultivated hosts in the legume tribes Cicereae and Vicieae. Mycologia 99: 59-77. (44767)

Punithalingam, E., and Holliday, P. 1972. Ascochyta rabiei. C.M.I. Descr. Pathog. Fungi Bact. 337: 1-2. (23283)

Razaghi, P., and Zafari, D. 2018. Characterization of fungi causing lesion blight on Papaver dubium in Iran. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 111(3): 437-455. (51571)

Reddy, M. V., and Kabbabeh, S. 1985. Pathogenic variability and race establishment of Ascochyta rabiei in Syria and Lebanon. Pl. Dis. 69: 177. (16358)

Reddy, M. V., and Singh, K.B. 1984. Evaluation of a world collection of chickpea germ plasm accessions for resistance to Ascochyta blight. Pl. Dis. 68: 900-901. (16367)

Richardson, M.J. 1990. An Annotated List of Seed-Borne Diseases. Fourth Edition. International Seed Testing Association, Zurich, 387+ pages. (13027)

Riley, E.A. 1960. A revised list of plant diseases in Tanganyika Territory. Mycol. Pap. 75: 1-42. (41818)

Sarwar, N., Sarwar, M., and Jamil, F.F. 2000. Characterization of Ascochyta rabiei isolates using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique. Pakistan J. Phytopathol. 12: 18-25. (36806)

Singh, G. 1990. Identification and designation of physiologic races of Ascochyta rabiei in India. Indian Phytopathol. 43: 48-52. (26306)

Singh, K.B., Reddy, M. V., and Nene, Y.L. 1984. International testing of chickpeas for resistance to Ascochyta blight. Pl. Dis. 68: 782-784. (16371)

Singh, P., and Pal, M. 1995. Seed transmission of Ascochyta rabiei, the causal organism of chickpea blight. Indian Phytopathol. 48: 279-284. (30533)

Sun, S.-L., Zhu, Z.-D., and Xu, D.-X. 2016. Occurence of Ascochyta blight caused by Ascochyta rabiei on chickpea in North China. Pl. Dis. 100(7): 1494-1495. (49663)

Trapero-Casas, A., and Kaiser, W.J. 1992. Influence of temperature, wetness period, plant age, and inoculum concentration on infection and development of Ascochyta blight of chickpea. Phytopathology 82: 589-596. (27154)

Trapero-Casas, A., and Kaiser, W.J. 1992. Development of Didymella rabiei, the teleomorph of Ascochyta rabiei, on chickpea straw. Phytopathology 82: 1261-1266. (27640)

Tu, J.C., and Hall, R.J. 1984. Ascochyta rabiei on chickpea in Ontario, Canada. Pl. Dis. 68: 826. (16360)

Vanev, S.G., Sameva, E.F., and Bakalova, G.G. 1997. Order Sphaeropsidales. Fungi Bulgaricae 3: 1-335. (37559)

Varshney, R., Pande, S., Kannan, S. , Mahendar, T., Sharma, M., Gaur, P., and Hoisington, D. 2009. Assessment and comparison of AFLP and SSR based molecular genetic diversity in Indian isolates of Ascochyta rabiei, a causal agent of Ascochyta blight in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Mycol. Progr. 8(1): 87-97. (43727)

Viotti, G., Scandiani, M., Formento, A.N., and Luque, A. 2012. First Report of Ascochyta rabiei Causing Ascochyta Blight of Chickpea in Argentina. Pl. Dis. 96: 1375. (45975)

Vishunavat, K., and Chaube, H.S. 1986. Survival of Ascochyta rabiei in gram seed. Indian J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 16: 183-184. (18957)

Watson, A.J. 1971. Foreign bacterial and fungus diseases of food, forage, and fiber crops. U.S.D.A. Agricultural Research Service : 111. (7505)

Wilson, A.D., and Kaiser, W.J. 1995. Cytology and genetics of sexual incompatibility in Didymella rabiei. Mycologia 87: 795-804. (29982)

The Specimens database has 8 records for Didymella rabiei.

Ascochyta rabiei

Cicer arietinum - BPI 1107806, BPI 372240, BPI 372241

Phoma rabiei

Cicer arietinum - BPI 1101197

Phyllosticta rabiei

Cicer arietinum - BPI 354531, BPI 354532, BPI 354533

Zythia rabiei

Cicer sp. - BPI 389217



U.S. National Fungus Collections. November 17, 2018

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service

Send comments or questions about the databases to HerbariumBPI@ars.usda.gov

Suggested citation: Farr, D.F., & Rossman, A.Y. Fungal Databases, U.S. National Fungus Collections, ARS, USDA. Retrieved November 17, 2018, from /fungaldatabases/

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